Paris is most populous city and as well as the capital of France. It is located in the centre of the Basin Paris, on the edge of the river Seine. Its inhabitants are called Parisians.The city is divided into 20 districts. The Paris metropolitan area has largely developed during the twentieth century. It is one of the most populated European cities. Paris became one of the first homes in Europe for education and the arts. It is also the largest city of the whole Christian world. In Europe, it is known as capital of the arts and pleasures. Paris has played a major role in political and economic history of Europe during the second millennium. Two islands on the Seine is the heart of Paris: Island of the City to the west and the Ile Saint-Louis to the east. The city extends from both sides of the river. The city is the economic and commercial capital of France. The city attracts nearly three million visitors per year. Paris also occupies a prominent place in the world of fashion and luxury.
Paris is the ninth most expensive city in the world regarding the price of real estate. One of the first attractions of Paris is the Eiffel Tower. Paris is now the most visited capital in the world. It is in first place which is known for the beauty and vitality. The most famous monuments are located in the centre of this city and on the banks of the Seine. Notre Dame, the Louvre, Invalides, Pont Alexandre III, Grand Palais, Quai Branly Museum, the Eiffel Tower and Trocadero are the major attraction of tourists. There are many ancient monuments in Ile de la Cité. The Notre Dame Cathedral is built mainly from twelfth to thirteenth century. It is the symbolic core of Paris. The Pont Neuf, at the western end of the island, is the oldest bridge in Paris. The chapel of the Sorbonne in the heart of the Quartier Latin, was built in the seventeenth century. The Louvre, royal residence, was embellished in the seventeenth century and reworked several times thereafter. The Hotel des Invalides, with its famous golden dome, was built in the late seventeenth century on the outskirts of the city by Louis XIV committed to offering a hospice for wounded soldiers. The Montparnasse Tower and the basilique du Sacré-Cœur at the top of Montmartre are significant landmarks in the Parisian sky. This is one of the emblematic sites of Paris and welcomes many visitors.
In addition to a dense network of bus lines and metro, the city is served by the tram line T3 and more modestly by line T2 mainly located in the Hauts-de-Seine. Paris is also served by the RER suburban rail network that facilitates relationships across the Paris area. Six major railway stations serve this city and TGV connects all other cities and neighbouring countries. Paris is Europe’s second largest city in air passenger traffic in 2009 and the fifth in the world in 2008.The city is surrounded by a ring road, one of the busiest expressways in Europe with 270,000 vehicles per day. Parking is difficult in Paris and the municipality is promoting public transport.
Paris enjoys maritime climate. Winters are mild; summers are relatively mild, although the average temperature is one degree higher than in the suburbs. Average temperature is 18 ° C in summer and 6 ° C in winter with frequent rainfall in all seasons. Development of urbanization causes an increase in temperature and a decrease in the number of foggy days.